Curriculum Framework » Framework and Programs

Framework and Programs

Curriculum and Instructional Materials

Curriculum and instructional materials are integral parts of a public school system. The State Board of Education periodically updates the state’s curriculum standards called the Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills (TEKS). Textbooks and other instructional materials are then written for children based on those standards. The state funds the purchase and distribution of million of textbooks, both printed and online, each year.

Curriculum Standards
The State Board of Education has adopted curriculum standards called the Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills (TEKS) that describe what students should know and be able to do, in each grade or subject area.

College and Career Readiness
Texas offers a number of programs designed to help make students college and career ready. Those programs include Advanced Placement, dual credit, the International Baccalaureate program, and Early College High School. College and career readiness standards have been built into the TEKS.

Learning Support and Programs
A number of specialized programs are available to Texas students. These programs help provide a strong foundation, provide different learning environments and focus on workplace training. This includes programs such as character education, health and safety education, the Texas Virtual School Network, guidance and counseling and career and technical education.

Special Education
About eight percent of Texas public school students receive some kind of special education service. This can range, for example, from 30 minutes a week for speech therapy to life skills training. A wide array of support and services are available to students.

Special Student Programs
Students enrolled in Texas schools speak more than 120 different languages. Consequently, a growing number of Texas students need help with English language acquisition. Bilingual education and English as a Second Language classes are available for these students. Others programs that focus on particular student needs are early childhood education, dyslexia and Section 504 training, and gifted and talented education. Specialized programs are also available to meet the needs of migrant students and children in foster care.

Graduation Information
Through decades of hard work, Texas has developed one of the highest graduation rates in the country. Texas students can now craft a graduation plan that reflects their personal interests through the use of specializations called endorsements. Along with passing the required courses, Texas has required every graduating class, beginning with the Class of 1987, to pass state standardized tests in order to earn a diploma.

Instructional Materials
Despite major revisions in the textbook adoption and distribution process in recent years, Texas remains one of the most influential states in the instructional materials market in the country. Millions of print and online textbooks and other instructional materials are purchased each year.